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Glossary of Bedding Terms

COMMON BED SIZES

Before you purchase items and accessories for your bed, the first thing you need to determine is the type of mattress you have. From there you can choose everything that will properly fit your bed. Check the reference chart below to help determine your bed type.

Twin- The smallest of all the mattresses; it's meant for one person

Twin X-Long- Found most commonly in college dorm rooms, the "Twin XL" as it's affectionately known, is just that - longer than the standard Twin; the width is the same.

Full- Also referred to as a Double Bed. Can sleep two and is shorter in length than its larger cousin, the Queen size.

Queen- Sleeps two and is both wider and longer than a Full sized mattress.

King- largest, most luxurious sized mattress. May be referred to as the Eastern King.

Cal-King- The California King mattress is a large luxury size like the Eastern King, however it is narrower and longer. And yes, it is found most commonly in the State of California.

Sheets- The measurements below are for fitted sheets and will help ensure a proper fit. Do not be concerned with the top or flat sheet dimension, as it will be tucked under the mattress anyway and is not meant to be sized to the exact specifications of your mattress:

Twin- 39 x 76 inches

Twin X-Long- 39 x 80 inches

Full- 54 x 75 inches

Queen- 60 x 80 inches

King- 78 x 80 inches

Cal-King- 72 x 84 inches

  • You can use these dimensions as a guide for mattress pads as well.

MATTRESS DEPTHS

Pillow Top and Extra Deep mattresses have become very common. Before selecting your sheets and mattress pads, it is important to know the depth of your mattress. Here are some dimensions to use as a guide:

Standard- 7 to 9 inches

Deep- 10 to 15 inches

Extra Deep- 15 inches to as high as 22 inches

MATTRESS PAD DEPTHS

Once you determine the depth of your mattress you'll need to select the proper depth mattress pad. Here are some approximate depths to follow:

Standard- 7 to 14 1/2 inches

Deep- Up to 15 inches

Extra Deep- 16 to 22 inches

COMFORTER DIMENSIONS

Here are the dimensions for most comforters. Keep in mind that these are approximate sizes. Some vendors may run slightly smaller or produce "oversized" comforters. Regardless, these dimensions can serve as a basic guide:

Twin- 68 x 86 inches

Full- 80 x 90 inches

Full/Queen- 88 x 88 inches

Queen- 86 x 94 inches

King- 110 x 96 inches

Don't make yourself crazy looking for California King Comforters or Twin X-Long - they don't make them. Just get a King or Twin size accordingly. In addition, when looking for Full or Queen sizes, some manufacturers make comforters in both Full and Queen sizes, while others will offer a Full/Queen size, which fits both mattresses.

DOWN COMFORTER DIMENSIONS

Here are the dimensions for most down comforters. Keep in mind that these are approximate sizes. Some vendors may run slightly smaller, but these dimensions can serve as a basic guide:

Twin- 68 x 88 inches

Full/Queen- 90 x 98 inches

King- 108 x 98 inches

BLANKET DIMENSIONS

All blankets are not created equal! In fact, sizing can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Rest assured that if you buy a Queen size blanket it will fit your Queen size bed. Here are the dimensions; most should fall close to these sizes:

Twin- 66 x 90 inches

Full/Queen- 90 x 90 inches

King- 108 x 90 inches

Thow- 50 x 60 inches

You have probably noticed a trend here... anything that is laid across the top of the bed does not come in Cal-King or Twin X-Long. In the case of most blankets, you also will not find a specific size for Full and Queen, it will be a Full/Queen, which fits both.

DUVET DIMENSIONS

For those of you enjoying a down comforter, or even just looking for a change for your bedroom, a duvet could be the perfect answer. Since you will be placing your comforter inside the duvet, it is important that the appropriate size be selected. Like blankets, duvet sizes can vary and some manufacturers even offer an "oversized" duvet. Regardless, just match your comforter's size to the appropriate duvet. Here are some sizes to keep in mind, and remember, they might vary slightly by vendor:

Twin- 68 x 88 inches

Full/Queen- 88 x 88 inches

King- 104 x 88 inches

PILLOW SIZES

Nothing can improve a night's sleep like a quality pillow... and nothing can spruce up your bed more than the right sized pillows. Here is a guide to the common sizes:

Standard- 20 x 26 inches. Uses a Standard size pillowcase. Use one on a Twin bed, two on a Full or Queen, and three on a King bed.

Queen- 20 x 30 inches. Uses the same pillow combination as the Standard. Since there is no Queen size pillowcase, use a Standard pillowcase with a Queen size pillow. It fills up a Standard pillowcase more completely, and it is also a perfect fit across the top of your Queen size bed.

King- 20 x 36 inches. You guessed it, use these on your King size bed. These extra long pillows are perfectly paired across the top of both an Eastern and Cal-King bed, and use a King pillowcase.

Euro- 26 x 26 inches. These large, square pillows are great to prop yourself up in bed with. They also add a decorative accent when covered with a decorative pillow sham in place of a Euro pillowcase.

DAYBEDS

Since all daybeds are outfitted with a twin mattress, selecting the sheets and mattress pads for them is a no-brainer. Choosing what to put on top of the daybed can be a bit more challenging, as sizes and styles can range. There are daybed covers, which typically have three sides (two sides and the front), and daybed spreads, which typically have four sides, and are usually quilted. The "drop" of a daybed cover, or how far down to the floor the front of the cover reaches, will determine if you need a dust ruffle, also called a bed skirt. A standard twin 14" dust ruffle is all a daybed requires, though some dust ruffles feature split corners to make navigating around bed feet a bit easier. Pillows for daybeds are covered with shams when not in use. Most people use either three standard pillows or two king size pillows lined up across the daybed. Below are some sizes for daybed covers and spreads. Since there is no standard size, keep in mind that the main intent is to cover a twin size bed:

Covers and Spreads (range)- to 60 inches W x 95 to 106 inches L

MATERIAL

Acrylic- is a synthetic or manufactured fiber that is both soft and lightweight. It dries easily and is machine washable. Acrylics are popular because of their ability to retain their shape and texture after washing and drying.

AllerRest ®- AllerRest® fabric prevents dust, dirt and harmful allergens from penetrating into bedding. It also assures long-term protection against daily exposure in use, maintaining high quality performance for your bedding investment and is made of 100% cotton.

Bamboo Cotton- Bamboo cotton is a supremely soft fabric comprised of both bamboo and cotton fibers in varying ratios. The bamboo plant lends itself perfectly to the making of fabrics. Bamboo's porous fibers make a cloth with a breathability and moisture absorption greater than cotton and a softness comparable to silk and cashmere. Bamboo fibers have a natural sheen to them and are naturally antimicrobial. Bed and bath linens made of bamboo cotton provide the very best qualities of each fiber. Machine-wash warm separately gentle cycle. Tumble dry low, warm iron as needed.

Chenille- Chenille yarn is manufactured by placing short lengths of yarn, called the "pile", between two "core yarns" and then twisting the yarn together. The edges of these piles then stand at right angles from the yarn's core, giving chenille both its softness and its characteristic look. Chenille will look different in one direction compared to another, as the fibers catch the light differently. Chenille can appear iridescent without actually using iridescent fibers. The yarn is commonly manufactured from cotton, but can also be made using acrylic, rayon and olefin.

Combed Cotton Sateen- Combed cotton uses finer fiber than carded yarns and is more regular and expensive than carded yarn. When cotton or another fabric is "combed," the shortest, additional fibers of a batch are removed. The result produces high-quality, extra soft yarns with excellent strength hand softness. Sateen provides a satin-like finish.

Combed Cotton- Combed Cotton is cotton yarn that has been cleaned with wire brushes and roller cards after carding to remove short fibers and other impurities.

Cotton- Cotton is the thread or cloth manufactured from the fiber of a cotton plant. Cotton can be washed in the washer at even the hottest of temperatures. Any detergent can be used and bleach can also be used as needed. Cotton can wrinkle easily but an iron on the highest heat is still safe to use on the fabric.

Down- Down is the material used to fill comforters, duvets, pillows, and other bedding products. Goose down will last longer than duck down. Synthetic down can give the appearance and feel of goose or duck down. Dry clean only.

Egyptian Cotton- Egyptian Cotton is the fine, somewhat brownish long-staple cotton that is grown in Egypt; believed to be derived from sea island cotton or by hybridization with Peruvian cotton.

Faux Leather- Faux leather is a fabric made to imitate animal leather.

Felt- Felt is a fabric of matted, compressed animal fibers, such as wool or fur, sometimes mixed with vegetable or synthetic fibers.

Flannel- Flannel is a soft woven cloth of wool or a blend of wool and cotton synthetics.

Fleece- Fleece is a fabric with a thick, heavy surface resembling sheep's wool. It may be a pile or napped fabric of wither woven or knit construction.

Ingeo®- Ingeo® fibers are an ingenious nature-based material made from plants instead of oil.

Jersey- A type of fabric with a flat appearance, knit on a circular, single-knit machine; its principal distinction is that it is not a fabric with a distinct rib.

Jute- Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.

Lambs Wool- Lamb's wool is the fine soft wool obtained from a lamb at its first shearing.

Leather- Leather is the dressed or tanned hide of an animal, usually with the hair removed.

Linen- Linen is a natural fiber that is very strong and comfortable. Linen can be hand washed and/or dry clean only. It irons nicely to a nice crisp fabric. Linen also has a nice comfortable shape and feel.

Microfiber- is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a suede finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfiber fabric is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be waterproof.

Micro suede- Micro suede is a man-made fiber. It is a knit blend that is made from very fine fibers that can sometimes be a hundred times finer than human hair. These delicate fibers are tightly woven together to create a dense fabric that has many of the same qualities as suede leather.

Mohair- Mohair is a silky textile produced from the hair of the Angora goat. It is most often spun into a thread that can be woven, knitted, or crocheted depending upon the application. Mohair is durable, warm, insulating, and light. It also has moisture wicking properties that carry moisture away from the skin.

Natura Wool- A wool that serves as an insulating layer that helps to regulate body temperature and controls moisture throughout the night, creating a fresh, dry sleep environment that repels common allergens and bacteria.

Nylon- Nylon is a synthetic fabric made from petroleum products. Nylon is valued for its light weight, incredible tensile strength, durability, and resistance to damage.

Poly Dupion, Polyester, Polysilk and Polyurethane- are manufactured products made from synthesized polymers. It tends to be very resilient, quick drying, resistant to biological damage such as mold and mildew, easy to wash, and able to hold forms well. These materials are, however, highly flammable, so care should be taken.

Rayon- Rayon is one of the most peculiar fabrics in commercial use today. Strictly speaking, it is not an artificial fiber, because it is derived from naturally occurring cellulose. It is not, however, a natural fabric, because cellulose requires extensive processing to become rayon. Rayon is usually classified as a manufactured fiber and considered to be "regenerated cellulose".

Sateen- Sateen is a cotton fabric with a luster resembling that of satin.

Satin- Satin is a type of glossy fabric first made from silk in China.

Shantung- A heavy fabric with a rough nubby surface, made of spun wild silk. In some cases a rayon or cotton fabric can be used that is imitative of this silk fabric.

Silk- Silk is a filament fiber formed from proteins secreted by Bombyx mori, or silkworms. Highly prized for its softness, insulating properties, and strength, silk is a natural animal product and therefore quite expensive. Making silk requires monitoring and feeding the silkworms constantly, and a great deal of effort results in a surprisingly small amount of thread.

Suede- Suede is a kind of leather with a smooth, velvet-like surface. The term was originally used in France to indicate a particular type of soft gloves imported from Sweden. Over time, the word came to refer to any leather material with a smooth nap finish.

Tencel®- Tencel® is the registered trade name for Lyocell, which is a biodegradable fabric, made from wood pulp cellulose.

Velvet- is a soft pile fabric that has been manufactured for almost 4,000 years in one form or another. Velvet has long been considered a luxury fabric because it requires more thread to manufacture than other fabrics, as well as multiple steps. Velvet can be made from any type of thread, although traditionally, velvet was made with silk thread, making it even more costly. In the modern era, cotton and synthetics have been used in the manufacture of velvet, and several related fabrics, such as velour, velveteen, and corduroy, have been invented for consumers on a budget.

Viscose- Viscose is a unique form of wood cellulose acetate that can be used for the manufacture of a number of different types of products.

White Goose Down- Down is the layer of fine feathers found underneath the outer feathers of adult ducks, geese, and other water birds.

Wool- Wool is the dense, warm coat of sheep, also called a fleece.

FILLS

Cotton- - Cotton is the thread or cloth manufactured from the fiber of a cotton plant.

Down- is the material used to fill comforters, duvets, pillows, and other bedding products. Goose down will last longer than duck down. Synthetic down can give the appearance and feel of goose or duck down.

Euro feather- actual feathers on geese and ducks as opposed to the soft cluster of down found on the breast are durable and springy, making them an essential support element in medium and firm pillows.

Latex- Latex provides a great deal of support and they can vary from soft to firm in texture.

Memory Foam- is a type of material that is both pressure and temperature sensitive. Designed to be breathable, memory foam is able to distribute pressure evenly over its surface and return to its original state when the pressure is removed.

Microfiber- Microfiber is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a suede finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfiber fabric is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be waterproof.

STYLES

Cotton- Cotton is the thread or cloth manufactured from the fiber of a cotton plant.

Print- the image, illustration or pattern applied or transferred to the cloth. You'll find an absolutely huge variety on any and all bedding. Thin or thick stripes, geometric patterns, flowers or any other image or picture on bed linens and bedding is called a print.

Contemporary- Contemporary, right now, consists of striped and geometric patterns in brown, off-white and earth tones, but this does not necessarily define the future of modern contemporary designer patterns.

Jacquard- Jacquard is a way of weaving cloth that allows for some intensely gorgeous detailed designs to be woven directly into the fabric.

Embroidered- Embroidered is an ancient variety of decorative needlework in which designs and pictures are created by stitching strands of some material on to a layer of another material. Most embroidery uses thread or wool stitched onto a woven fabric.

Matelasse- Matelasse fabric can be either hand-stitched to create the decorative features of the fabric, or woven on a jacquard loom for the appearance of quilting. Matelasse fabric is a heavy, thick textile that appears to be padded, but actually has no padding within the fabric.

MISCELLANEOUS

Anti-Bacterial- Just how it sounds, this bedding is treated to protect against bacteria.

Anti-Microbial- Bedding that is treated with an ingredient that kills or inhibits bacteria, viruses, molds or any other unsavory things in which you’d rather not share your bed.

Baby Bibs and Burp Cloths- Baby Bibs and Burp Clothes are similar in that a Baby Bib keeps yucky off your baby’s shirt and a Burp Cloth keeps it off yours.

Bed in a Bag- A completely matched bed ensemble that you can carry home in a bag. You can even get them complete with sheets! Decorate your whole room with a click of a button with a Bed in a Bag.

Bedspreads- Bedspreads are designed to cover the whole bed, from side to side and top to bottom. They are commonly used to dress up your bedroom décor by simply laying over sheets, pillows, duvets, etc. In some cases, bedspreads can be used to quickly hide an unkempt bed out of sight!

Diaper Bag- Exactly where does one carry spare diapers? Where are the wipes? And where do the used diapers reside? The diaper bag! A diaper bag or nappy bag is a storage bag with many pocket-like spaces that is big enough to carry everything needed by someone taking care of a baby while taking a typical short outing.

Eco-Friendly- Sometimes referred to nature friendly, environmentally friendly and green, are products that are produced with minimal or no harm to the environment.

Featherbed Covers- A featherbed cover is a large comforter shell used to protect a featherbed. What else could it be?

Featherbed- Featherbeds are mattress toppers that provide extra cushion and comfort. Featherbeds can add years of life to your mattress. Filled with feathers, goose or otherwise, a featherbed is a separate piece that is placed on top of the mattress and covered by a bed sheet.

Hooded Towels- Hooded towels are towels that come with a convenient hood for days that you just want to be like Superman. They are also convenient to dry off your toddler after a bath.

Hypoallergenic- Having a decreased tendency to provoke an allergic reaction.

Lamp Shades- Something you wear on your head at parties but also protects your person from the heat of a lit lightbulb. Bedding.com offers complementing lamp shades for many of our product lines.

Stuffed Animals- A stuffed toy, stuffie, or plush toy can very possibly become your baby’s best friend. Bedding.com offers a variety of stuffed animals sewn from cloth, plush, or other textiles, and stuffed with straw, beans, plastic pellets, cotton, synthetic fibers, or other similar materials.

Thermal Regulated- Bedding filled with a material made from a revolutionary micro-encapsulated fiber that magically draws heat away from the body when your temperature rises.

Thread Count- Index of the compactness of a fabric determined by counting the number of warp yarns and filling yarns in 1 square inch of fabric. Also known as cloth count.

Organic- For a fiber to be labeled "organic” it has to be grown without the use of pesticides or fertilizers. Once the fiber is harvested, it should be processed separately from conventional fibers, using non-toxic dyes and finishing agents. If the fiber is from an animal, that animal was treated well and not treated with synthetic hormones or insecticides.

Wall Dècor- Brighten your walls with a variety of fun accents that complement the décor of your baby bedding.

Water Proof- Waterproof bedding is made out of fabrics that can not be penetrated by water and should keep you dry, even in heavy rains. They may be extremely tightly woven, such as a fine polyester/nylon blend, rubber or plastic or other non-porous material, or coated with a finish that makes them breathable but closed to water.

Water Repellant- Water-Repellant bedding is more effective than water-resistant bedding as it is made of fabrics that are either very tightly woven or coated with a finish that causes the water to make little beads when it hits the fabric rather than going through.

Water Resistant- Water-Resistant bedding is able to resist penetration of water to some degree but not entirely.

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